Facts about Australia for Australian Immigrants
Floramo Lawyers, your source for friendly Australian Migration Lawyers, is proud to provide future Australian immigrants with some of the following interesting facts about Australia:
Australia became a commonwealth of the British Empire in 1901.
Australia is the world's smallest continent but the sixth-largest country.
Australia is located between the Indian and South Pacific Oceans .
Australia 's land mass is nearly 7.7 million square kilometers.
Australia has a coastline of 36,735 kilometers.
Australia has four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter.
Spring in Australia is between September – November.
Summer in Australia is between December – February.
Autumn in Australia is between March – May.
Winter in Australia is between June – August.
Australia 's national holiday is celebrated on the 26 th of January (Australia Day).
Australia 's other public holiday is ANZAC day which is celebrated on 25 April to honour the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps who lost their lives in Gallipoli in 1915.
Each state celebrates other holidays on specific days including: Queen's Birthday, Labour Day, etc.
Australia is made up of 6 states and 2 territories: Queensland , the Australian Capital Territory , Victoria , Tasmania , South Australia , Western Australia and the Northern Territory .
Australia 's capital is Canberra , located in the Australian Capital Territory .
The capital of Queensland is Brisbane .
The capital of Victoria is Melbourne .
The capital of Tasmania is Hobart .
The capital of South Australia is Adelaide .
The capital of Western Australia is Perth .
The capital of the Northern Territory is Darwin .
Approximately 43% of the Australian population is born overseas or with at least one parent both overseas.
The predominant language in Australia is English, with over 80 other language spoken in Australia .
As at December 2003, Australia is estimated to have a population of over 20,000,000.
Australia is a democratic monarchy.
Australia 's Head of State is Queen Elizabeth II, represented in Australia by the Governor General Maj. Gen. (Ret.) Michael Jeffrey.
Australia 's Head of Government is Prime Minister John Howard, leader of the Liberal party, who has been in power since 1996.
Australia 's national anthem is “Advance Australia Fair” which was formally proclaimed on 19 April 1984 .
Australia 's national flag consists of a blue background with a “Union Jack” ( UK flag) in the upper left hand quarter; a large seven point star is positioned under the Union Jack and accompanied by five small starts on the right hand side.
The Union Jack on Australia 's national flag is symbolic of the countries historical ties to Britain .
The large star on Australia 's national flag depicts one point for each of the six original states and one representing all of the countries internal and external territories.
The small stars on Australia 's national flag form the “Southern Cross” constellation which is a prominent feature of the southern hemisphere night sky.
The Australian Government's official emblem - or coat of arms – was granted by King George in 1912 and consists of a shield containing the badges of the six States. On either side of the shield is a kangaroo and an emu. A yellow-flowered native plant, 'wattle', also appears in the design.
Wattle is Australia 's national floral emblem.
The koala – one of Australia 's most well known animals - is not a bear but a marsupial.
Australia 's national colours are Green and Gold - taken from the colours of Australia 's floral emblem the Golden Wattle
Australia follows a decimal currency which was introduced in 1966. The currency is made up of 5, 10, 20 and 50 cent coins, 1 and 2 dollar coins and polymer notes of $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100.
Australia is a secular state and has no official religion.
The Australian Education System is divided into five main groups: preschool; primary; secondary; career and vocational training; and university and tertiary institutions.
Schooling is compulsory in most states and territories until the age of 15.
The Australian Government provides help with medical expenses through a scheme called Medicare .
Medicare provides health care services and programs such as free public hospital care, help with the cost of out-of-hospital care, and subsidised medicines.
Wages and working conditions are regulated by the Workplace Relations Act 1996 and federal or state awards which set out minimum entitlements of employment such as wages, allowances, overtime, hours of work and leave entitlements.
Australian natural hazards include cyclones along the coast; severe droughts and forest fires.
There are three time zones within the Australian continent.
The eastern states - Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania and Victoria - are 30 minutes ahead of South Australia and the Northern Territory (Broken Hill, in the far west of New South Wales is included in this zone) and two hours ahead of Western Australia.
Australian cars are right-hand drive and they travel on the left side of the road.
A ustralian electricity voltage for domestic use is 220-240 volts, AC 50Hz with 3-pin power outlets.
Smoking is banned on public transport, in many offices and public buildings, cinemas and theatres
Australia operates on the metric system of measurement.
We at Floramo Lawyers truly believe that Australia is probably the World's best country to live in. If you feel the same way, we can help you make it to Australia . Contact Floramo Lawyers today .